Some guys like sec42, miek and others putted together a new tool for Linux and OSX that allows reverse engineering digital signals. Just like in Audacity you are able to see the different modulations etc. Thanks for another great tool for the SDR toolchain guys!
A new software defined radio called SoDeRa (SOftware DEfined RAdio) is currently under joint development by companies Canonical (the company behind the Ubuntu OS) and Lime Micro. SoDeRa is based on the new Lime Microsystems LMS7002M Transceiver chip which has a 100 kHz – 3.8 GHz range. The transceiver chip interfaces with an Altera Cyclone IV FPGA with 256 MB of RAM and a USB3 controller, and the whole radio will have 4x TX outputs and 6x RX inputs.
SoDeRa.org. is a low-cost software defined radio through which apps can be programmed to support any type of wireless standard, e.g. UMTS, LTE, LoRa, Bluetooth, Zigbee, RFID, Digital Broadcasting, etc.
Canonical and Lime Micro try to disrupt the industry and are currently marketing SoDeRa as “the Arduino of the Telecom and Radio Engineer”. It appears to be designed mainly to implement IoT and other radio communications protocols, but it also sounds like it could find excellent use in the hobby and amateur market. the developers also plan to implement an app store which would allow you to essentially download a radio and instantly configure the SoDeRa SDR for any desired protocol or application.
The inventors state:
This is the first time that a revolutionary device for which we are organising a joint crowd-funding campaign with Lime Microsystems is made public. The #SoDeRa is the cheapest software defined radio you can buy. The #SoDeRa will have an app store and will be able to provide any type of (bi-directional) radio communication going from LTE, Lora, WiFi, GPS, Bluetooth, radar, radio-controlled toys/robots/drone, digital radio, digital TV to even MRI scanners, satellite and air traffic communications by just installing an app. The #SoDeRa is the Arduino of the Telecom and Radio Engineer.
I am very eager to see what will go on in the radio field now. From early 2012 with the coming up of “Software defined everything”, which includes networks and now radio and the advancements of digital electronics it was just a matter of time until it was clear that even base stations will get digital components. OsmocomBB and other suites are able to span LTE networks quickly with just a press of a button. Canonical says further to this evolution:
Including #SoDeRa in any type of smart device will greatly reduce the cost of deploying a mobile base station network because by open sourcing the hardware design it will become commodity. By including software defined radio in lots of devices, often with a completely different purpose, will allow these devices to become a smart cell via installing an extra app. In the future, support for software defined radio will likely be embedded directly in Intel and ARM chips. The foundational steps are already happening. This will likely reshape the telecom industry. Not only from a cost perspective but also from a perspective of who runs the network. Telecom operators that don’t deliver value will see their monopoly positions being put in danger. As soon as spectrum can be licensed on a per hour basis, just like any other resource in the cloud, any type of ad-hoc network can be setup. The question is not if but when. Open sourcing and crowdfunding will make that “when” be sooner than later. Smart operators that align with the innovators will win because they will get the app revenue, enormous cost reductions, sell surplus spectrum by the hour and lots of innovation. Other operators that don’t move or try to stop it will be disrupted. What do you want to be?
- LMS7002M Lime Microsystems Transceiver with continuous Frequency range of 100 kHz – 3.8 GHz (Datasheet)
- Cyclone IV EP4CE40F23 Altera FPGA (Datasheet) also compatible with EP4CE30F23
- USB3 CYUSB3014-BZXC Cypress Microcontroller (Datasheet)
- 4 x TxOut and 6 x RxIn U.FL connectors for RF cables
- microUSB3 connector or plug, external power supply (optional) and status LEDs
- 256 MBytes of DDR2 SDRAM (Datasheet)
- Size: 100 mm x 60 mm
- Interface: USB3 for control, data transfer and power
- Power Output (CW): up to 6.5 dBm
- Covering: Wi-Fi, 2G, 3G, LTE, any other air interfaces
Visit the official product / project page:
Would you buy one ?
I wanted an easy way to watch TV quickly on the go. If you have DVB-T/DAB/FM sticks with the famous RTL-SDR Chip 2838 and a tuner like Elonics 4000 or Rafael Micro R820T / T2 or some Fitipowers you are able to achieve this tutorial here. We use VLC and it’s built-in capabilities to decode DVB-T.
I started with a freshly installed Ubuntu. First get sure to have the latest packages.
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade
After that we are going to install VLC player and the w_scan utils
sudo apt-get install vlc w-scan
Now we can make a program list and start the frequency search. For this purpose we use the command underlying. If you come from another country than Germany search for your 2-letter countrycode or be referred to the w-scan manual / man pages to find out for you (pretty straight forward to find your countrycode – its as usual). The >> in the command sends the found frequencies to a file (conf) in the path given. Feel free to specify another path like / (root) or others like the desktop /home/yourusername/Desktop.
w_scan -ft -c DE >> /etc/vlc/channels.conf
You could also go with another output file (experimental …). Just change .conf to the ending .xspf
Get sure, if you start the w_scan command, that your DVB-T stick is plugged in (type in command line “lsusb” without “”s and look out for your device. Also maybe restart or give free the resource if it may be blocked by another program already / or still. Hardware is a bit dumb. After that the scanning starts and needs some time. Your stations are now saved in the file. If you don’t find any stations. your antenna setuo could be bad. I e.g. had 2 antennas that didn’t work out well and then changed to a Yagi-Uda antenna.Now open VLC and go to the Menu > Media > choose device > select DVB-T stick (usually adapter0, you can proof that by navigating in the file explorer). Enter the command with the file to your conf or xspf file:
Or open in VLC via file open to open .conf or .xspf station lists. Now you should enjoy your stations by selecting them in Programs > station. Another, but unstable way (doesn’t save the stations) is to go to this device window and then press “play”. I was able to find approximately 10 working stations.
If you have trouble and have to mount the stick drivers first, use this command to mount the already implemented linux kernel drivers for the RTL stick:
modprobe dvb_stick_usb_rtl28xxu rtl2830 rtl2832
If you want to eliminate the OS drivers for the DVB-T mode and enter in the I/Q sample mode
sudo rmmod rtl28xxu
Under Debian it’s a bit differnt with an editor (add nano or vim in from of the command). Add the following line “blacklist dvb_usb_rtl28xxu”
Um zu prüfen, ob das HackRF funktioniert und erkannt wird kann man sich zum einen die verwendeten USB Geräte des Systems unter z.B. Ubuntu anzeigen lassen: (ins Terminal / Shell / Kommandofenster eingeben)
Beim Aufsezten meiner Umgebung für das HackRF habe ich zuerst Linux Mint ausprobiert, bin jedoch davon abkommen und jetzt bei Ubuntu 14.04 gelandet.
Ubuntu 14.04 läuft nun auf meinem Thinkpad X230 in einer Dual Boot Umgebung. Die nötigen Tools zum Betrieb des HackRF habe ich mittel Pybombs installiert. Pyboms enthält Rezepte, d.h. Skripte, welche das Kompilieren der Programme um einiges erleichtert. Über Repositories erhält man oft veraltete oder nicht gepflegte Versionen und es kommt häufig zu Fehlern oder bei späterem Bedarf muss man einzelne Komponenten mühsam ersetzen. Pybombs macht das alles “in einem Schritt” und achtet dabei sogar auf die verschiedenen Abhängigkeiten. Pybombs kann nahezu auf jedem System mit allen “Flavours” eingesetzt werden. D.h. ob .deb oder andere Endungen – völlig egal.
Wie geht das ganze?
GNU Radio ist eine Open-Source Software, welche RTL-SDR perfekt unterstützt.
Arten der Installation
- selbst kompilieren
- aus Paket-/Softwareverwaltung
- aus Betriebssystem (vorinstalliert) oder per Live-System
GNURadio sagt, dass es Probleme mit einer Audio Sink, also dem Soundausgang hat und diesen eventuell nicht finden kann?
Vorhandene Audiogeräte und Subdevices können mit dem unten stehenden Befehl angezeigt werden. Mittel “hw:Zahl,Zahl” (normalerweise: hw:0,0) dann angesprochen werden, z.B. im Feld be Audio Sink, welches normalerweise blank gelassen wird um das default Audio Gerät anzusprechen.